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Understand the Science Phenomena

Behind the Safety Protocols

When we explore the science phenomena behind the guidelines, it often helps us to understand why they are so important to follow.  We can see the evidence behind why we need to practice the protocols consistently to protect ourselves, each other, and our communities.  We are all in this together.  Let's find out how together we can flatten the curve.  

Mauli Ola Guide Part 3

What if there were ways to lower risks?

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Although at times like these, we might feel like the best direction to go is to keep the realities of what's happening outside of our classrooms, if we want to save lives, if we want to prevent the spread, continuing traditional practices of high connectivity and awareness with the world around us is the best plan of action.  (See Total Sense of Well Being Mauli Ola Guide 2 on historical connections.)  Dr. Leana Wen CNN Medical Analyst:  Wearing a mask compared to not wearing one will reduce transmission as much as 5 times.  According to the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), if we all wear masks from now until the end of the year, we can 100,000 lives....  It's a  show a respect for one another, and it also saves lives."

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This model shows the differences in daily lives saved based on universal mask wearing, current projections, and what will happen in red with mandates easing.  

Thus, it is important for educators to support their apprentice navigators--their students in preparing them to lead their families and communities towards standing steadfast, in carrying a sense of kuleana, responsibility in maintaining safety protocols that include wearing masks, and staying vigilant about limiting human contacts.

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) website:

Be Informed, Be Prepared, Be Empowered

Would you sail across the sea without first learning now to navigate across it?  Would you go hiking without first preparing everything you needed to be safe, and check the weather forecast?  When we come into situations like this preparation is key.  When we are armed with knowledge, when we know what we will be up against, when we have gotten everything ready in preparation, we will not only help ourselves, but we can a`o aku, a`o mai--we can pass it on.  A e pupukahi e holomua.  

`Ōlelo No`eau Showing the Value of Being Aware, of Knowing

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Why is there a concern over in class learning and reopening our state to continental and international travel?   Why does being informed matter?

1)  Asymptomatic Spread

Asymptomatic Cases on Diamond Princess

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If you remember the Diamond Princess. They started with few cases. They did the tests only to those [who] were symptomatic. So you develop a symptom, you test positive, you were taken out of the ship. 

But day by day, cases, if you remember, they increased up to more than 700. So in this way, they couldn't stop the disease. That couldn't stop the disease in spite of the fact that they were isolated, they were kind of quarantined. And the reason why they couldn't stop it is because the ship was full of asymptomatic people that [were] spreading the virus. 

Confirmed COVID-19 Cases Rise Again In The US

Interview with Dr. Leana Wen, an emergency physician and public health professor at George Washington University

Actually the spread is driven by asymptomatic individuals.  If you are symptomatic you shouldn’t be going out and interacting with others.  The reason why the spread is occurring is because of asymptomatic people who don’t know that they have the infection and thus, are spreading it.  And so the fact that these guidelines were changed has caused mass confusion.  The CDC has always been the premiere public health institution.   They’ve upheld the highest standards of scientific rigor and integrity.  And now the work of the excellent scientists  there is being challenged and undermined and I worry that this could have lasting damage.  Really the worst time this could happened is in the middle of this global pandemic.”

(WBUR Confirmed COVID-19 Cases Rise Again In The US This segment aired on September 18, 2020.

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Interviewer:   What is the cost of not testing asymptomatic people?

Dr. Leana Wen:  When those guidelines came out from the CDC so many of us public health experts said, “What is going on?” I mean it is not as though new research was done and it just does not make any sense that we should not be testing asymptomatic individuals. 


2) Infectiousness

Coronavirus is Not the Flu, It's Worse

How does R 0
/R NAUGHT help us to understand infection rates?

You can make a difference...

Your choices, your behaviors, diligently practicing these safety protocols can lower the infection rate=Being Proactive

View video on the right to find out...

Animated Examples of the Spread

Great video to get the discourse, the conversations around different ways that COVID19 can spread.  Students can enter into the chat each way that is depicted.  

Proactively Mitigate "Twin-demic"

Normal Flu Seasons Impacts + COVID19 Impacts

CNN    The CDC Issues Warning for the Fall

CNN Article and Video:.  Read/Listen to CDC's  Dr. Robert Redfields warning... By Faith  Karimi and Steve Almasy

(CNN)  "A top federal health official is issuing a dire warning: Follow recommended coronavirus measures or risk having the worst fall in US public health history."


"For your country right now and for the war that we're in against Covid, I'm asking you to do four simple things: wear a mask, social distance, wash your hands and be smart about crowds," said Dr. Robert Redfield, director of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention."

"I'm not asking some of America to do it," he told WebMD. "We all gotta do it."

Rushing Reopening Could Have Devastating Consequences, Dr. Fauci says

By Faith Karimi, Steve Almasy and Dakin Andone, CNN

August 13, 2020

(CNN)The United States needs to get control of Covid-19 and carefully reopen the country, or the consequences could be devastating, Dr. Anthony Fauci said Thursday.

"To think that you can ignore the biologic and get the economy back, it's not gonna happen," Fauci, the nation's leading infectious diseases expert, told actor Matthew McConaughey in an interview on Instagram.

"It's just not gonna happen. You gotta do both. You gotta get control of the biologic as you carefully open the country."

Fauci emphasized the importance of acting in a measured, prudent way. He noted that Americans have seen the consequences of jumping over the guideposts that have been established for safe reopening.

He said it goes beyond the financial aspects and that what happens it could be devastating psychologically and medically

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How can we be informed so that we can proactively work towards reducing risk of spread and reducing the infectiousness of this coronavirus?

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Ka `Imi Na`auao:  Illuminating the Path Through Knowlege

Try these interactive activities to develop heightened awareness of how our behaviors impact our 'ohana, our communities.

Community/ Kaiaulu Connections

Contact Tracing Math

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Ventilation Math

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Physical Distancing in the Classroom

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Diffusion & Aerosols

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New York Times    How the Virus Got Out

View: The New York Times Interactive.  Allows you to watch the virus spreading and growing.

How the Virus Got Out

By Jin WuWeiyi CaiDerek Watkins and James GlanzMarch 22, 2020

"The most extensive travel restrictions to stop an outbreak in human history haven’t been enough. We analyzed the movements of hundreds of millions of people to show why."  

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Must see interactive

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"The cases shown in each world city include those in the broader metropolitan area or region and include patients who were transferred and treated there."




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Handwashing Lesson

& Video

STEM (Part of Curriculum at Top

Handwashing interactive lesson.

Created to be used with VOX handwashing/soap video. 

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Mask Myths Debunked

STEM Video

PBS Video There are so many math myths floating around out there.  This PBS video uses science to debunk them.  Many mini-science phenomena lessons can be created by deconstructing this video.

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STEM  Video


By Yuval Haker

Students record the different ways they see the COVID19 virus spreading.


Blacklight Experiment

Highlights the "Spread"


This black light experiment shows how easily a virus like the coronavirus can spread in public.

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STEM Video

Why Masks?

Dr. Darragh O`Carroll explains about mask wearing in this locally made mask video. 

Preparing Jams

Multi-Generational Homes

STEM Article

Business Insider examines how Multi-generational homes are influencing the spread of COVID-19.   These homes can become vectors for transmission.

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How Viruses Spread

STEM Article & Video

Introduce your team! Click here to add images, text and links, or connect data from your collection.

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STEM Video

Graphic Video:

Mask vs No mask

This short clip shows the difference between wearing a mask and not wearing one. 

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Social Distancing 

STEM Video

Vox Video

Why do we need to social (physical) distance?  What is social distancing?

This social epidemiologist explains.

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30 Seconds Handwashing


Introduce your team! Click here to add images, text and links, or connect data from your collection.

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Social Distancing 

STEM Video


Social distancing means putting space between yourself and others. Everyone can help slow the spread of COVID-19.

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Mask Types

STEM Video

PBS Video  on the  shows why  masks work, provides a view of how different face coverings work, and why you also must wear your mask correctly.  (Why you must cover your mouth AND your nose.)

Social Distancing 


STEM  Article

Social distancing, also called “physical distancing,” means keeping a safe space between yourself and other people who are not from your household.


Handwashing Lesson

STEM  Article

How can thorough hand washing limit the spread of infectious diseases? 

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Why Masks Work

STEM Article

Wall Street Article  on the different types of masks out there..  

Social Distancing 


STEM  Article

Social distancing, also called “physical distancing,” means keeping a safe space between yourself and other people who are not from your household.

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Key Handwashing


STEM  Video

Learn when it’s most important to wash your hands to stay safe from COVID-19.

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Mask Fabrics

STEM Article

University of Nebraska Omaha tests various types of fabrics for effectiveness..  Learn what they discovered...

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Mask and the Wearer

STEM Article

An article in the Journal of General Internal Medicine  explores how mask-wearing  lowers the "innoculum" or dose of the virus for the mask wearer.


Masks & Prevention

STEM Article & Video

This Fox5 article relates to the one above.  This version could be used for student reading when exploring  mask usages.  

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Droplets vs Aerosols

STEM  Video

Is it airborne and inhaled or droplet based via fomites and hands? The uncomfortable truth is that we have evidence for both modes.

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